Use the following information to prepare 2023 Form 1040-NR. • Sonya Ivanov is a resident of Bulgaria (visa number 38755219). She arrived in the United States in F-1 immigration status on September 1, 2021 as a full-time student. Sonya is 25 years old, single, born on July 11, 1998. Her address in Bulgaria is Vna 74117 Varna, Grand Mol Varna, 9021 Bulgaria. • Sonya has not taken any steps to apply for permanent residence in the United States. Sonya did not file a Form 1040-NR in 2022 as she did not work that year. She started a new job with the university bookstore on January 20, 2023. • If she is entitled to a refund, she wants a direct deposit to her checking account. The routing number is 789654321 and the account number is 011233456789. She will not be taxed by the Bulgarian government on the income she has earned in the United States. Assume Sonya has already completed her Form 8843, and prepare her federal income tax return with the following Form W-2. College Town University reports all student income on Form W-2. Miss Ivanov failed to respond to the university in time for them to properly issue Form 1042-S for her treaty-exempt income. However, she is still entitled to take her treaty benefit on her tax return instead. • After completing the required tax form, review the scenario and resource materials, and answer each of the test questions. 34. Sonya is allowed to exclude $9,000 of her wages as a treaty benefit on Schedule OI? a. True b. False

a. True Under the United States-Bulgaria income tax treaty, a Bulgarian student temporarily present in the United States may be able to exempt a certain amount of their income earned while working in the United States from U.S. federal income tax. The specific amount that can be exempted should be referenced in the text of the treaty itself. As of my knowledge cutoff date in early 2023, the U.S.-Bulgaria tax treaty allows for an exemption of up to $9,000 of earned income for students and trainees. Therefore, if Sonya Ivanov is eligible for this treaty benefit, she would be allowed to exclude $9,000 of her wages on her U.S. tax return, which she would report on Schedule OI (Other Information) of Form 1040-NR. Please note that tax treaties can be subject to change, and it is important to refer to the most current version of the treaty and the IRS instructions for Form 1040-NR to ensure compliance with current tax laws and treaty provisions.

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